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Corundum as a group is one of the most important gemstone species that has the greatest number of varieties as its members. This oxide of Aluminum probably produces the most important range of valuable gemstones found in Sri Lanka. As water worn pebbles in Alluvial
Sri Lanka sapphires are universally renowned for their magnificent quality and the large sizes in which these sometimes occur. Every possible shade of blue is represented among sapphires of Sri Lanka, the various shades ranging from the palest to the darkest. High
Corundum of a red colour are identified as Rubies. Most Sri Lankan varieties are of a pinkish red and display a tint of purple which factor perhaps is sufficient to betray to the experienced person that the stones are of Sri Lankan origin. These purplish tints are
The term Padparadscha is a Sinhalese term applied to a very special color variety of Corundum, so named after the lotus flower as its color is sometimes akin to a variety of this flower. The Padparadscha has an exceptional color combination which is very attractive
Among Yellow Sapphires various shades are noted varying from pale yellow to saffron yellow and from yellow slightly tinted red to a deep citron yellow. In local terminology the Yellow Sapphires are identified as “Pushparaga”. Yellow sapphires are widespread and
Asterism is a star like reflection effect caused by certain minerals within the host Corundum. These are microscopic acicular mineral inclusions of special orientation. When these stones cut ‘Cabochon’, displays a special reflection effect in the form of a six,
On a varietal basis “Geuda” Corundum is one of the more recently appreciated members of the Corundum family. The term Geuda was initially used in Sri Lanka, to describe a property of translucency associated with milky or cloudy appearance seen in some Corundum
In Sri Lanka gem chrysoberyl is mostly found as water worn pebbles in the alluvial gem gravels. Chrysoberyl occurs only in a few colours and the common colours being yellow, golden yellow, brownish yellow, yellowish green, bluish green and faint olive green. Chryso
Alexandrite is a variety of chrysoberyl is perhaps rarest and Sri Lanka is famous for producing larger stones with fair colour change. The primary beauty of this gem is due to its colour change. At best Sri Lankan stones can be grass green in daylight and violet re
Spinel is a gemstone found in greater abundance in Sri Lanka than either corundum or chrysoberyl. Its very abundance makes Sri Lanka the second largest producer of this stone next to Myanmar (Burma). Sri Lankan spinel range from ruby red, pink, orange, shades of re
Garnets are a group of minerals; which refer to a fairly complex group with a great amount of isomorphic replacement resulting in intermixtures of chemical compositions giving a distinct range of colours.Of these varieties andradite and uvarovite have not been foun
Tourmaline naturally results in a wide range of colours and even colour variations in the same gem in concentric or horizontal bands. The noteworthy colours found in Sri Lanka are yellowish green, dull green, honey yellow brown and rarely blue and bright green. The
When beryl absolutely pure in composition beryl should be colourless, but a very close scrutiny of such colourless material will reveal that these are more often than not very faintly tinged with blue, green, pink or yellow. Beryl occurs in different colours, such